What Are The Differences Between Predisposing Reinforcing And Enabling Factors?

What is intervention mapping model?

Intervention Mapping is a planning approach that is based on using theory and evidence as foundations for taking an ecological approach to assessing and intervening in health problems and engendering community participation.

The key words in IM are planning, research and theory..

What is the difference between predisposing and precipitating factors?

Predisposing factors are those that put a child at risk of developing a problem (in this case, high anticipatory distress). These may include genetics, life events, or temperament. Precipitating factors refer to a specific event or trigger to the onset of the current problem.

What is an enabling factor?

Enabling factors are forces that facilitate or impede individual, collective, or environmental change based on their level of availability.

What are some of the key assumptions behind the Precede proceed approach?

Assumptions behind PRECEDE/PROCEED: Health and other issues must be looked at in the context of the community. Health and other issues are essentially quality-of-life issues. Health is itself a constellation of factors that add up to a healthy life for individuals and communities.

What is a distal factor?

A distal risk factor is a risk factor that represents an underlying vulnerability for a particular condition or event. This does not predict that the condition or event will definitely happen or that it will happen any time soon, but rather that a person may be at risk for the condition at some time in the future.

Who developed the precede proceed model?

Lawrence GreenBackground: The Precede–Proceed model has provided moral and practical guidance for the fields of health education and health promotion since Lawrence Green first developed Precede in 1974 and Green and Kreuter added Proceed in 1991.

What are perpetuating factors?

Precipitating factors refer to a specific event or trigger to the onset of the current problem. Perpetuating factors are those that maintain the problem once it has become established. Finally, protective factors are strengths of the child or reduce the severity of problems and promote healthy and adaptive functioning.

Under which phase do you identify the health problems and predisposing enabling factors?

Phase 3: Identifying the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors that can affect the behaviors, attitudes, and environmental factors given priority in Phase 2.

What are the 5 P’s of case formulation?

Presenting problem(s) Predisposing factors which made the individual vulnerable to the problem. Precipitating factors which triggered the problem. Perpetuating factors such as mechanisms which keep a problem going or unintended consequences of an attempt to cope with the problem.

What is a reinforcing factor?

Reinforcing factors are rewards or punishments following or anticipated as a consequence of a behavior. They serve to strengthen the motivation for a behavior. Some of the reinforcing factors include social support, peer support, etc.

What are some examples of enabling factors?

Enabling factors, which include health-related skills, and resources (e.g., training), facilitate a behavior’s occurrence. Reinforcing factors occur after a behavior, and include the incentives and rewards, with the increased probability that the behavior will recur at the next opportunity.

Why is it important to use a model when planning?

Why is it important to use a model when planning? It gives you guidelines & helps to make implementing programs easier.

What is an example of a predisposing factor?

Predisposing characteristics were seen to include demographic factors (age and gender), social structure (education, occupation, ethnicity, and other factors measuring status in the community, as well as coping and the health of the physical environment), and health beliefs (attitudes, values, and knowledge that might …

What does a case formulation look like?

A case formulation should provide a coherent summary and explanation of a client’s symptoms and problems. It should include the following components (Persons, 2008): Problems: Psychological symptoms and features of a disorder, and related problems in various areas of life—social, interpersonal, academic, occupational.

Why is formulation better than diagnosis?

Formulations are often experienced as enormously reassuring to clients, since they can convey a sense of hope about the future. In contrast, a possibly frightening diagnosis such as ‘psychosis’ gives the message that the ‘symptoms’ have somehow emerged out of the blue, unconnected to actual life experiences.

What are need factors?

Need factors are overall health condition, as indicated by chronic illness or not.

What are predisposing factors in health?

Predisposing factors include biological factors that may influence the likelihood an individual needs a health service, social structure that may influence how an individual can cope with health problems, and health beliefs that may influence an individual’s perception of their need for a health service [8].

What are predisposing characteristics?

Predisposing characteristics include demographic and social factors that influence susceptibility for health or illness and one’s attitude toward obtaining care.

Why use the precede proceed model?

The PRECEDE-PROCEED model is a comprehensive structure for assessing health needs for designing, implementing, and evaluating health promotion and other public health programs to meet those needs. PRECEDE provides the structure for planning a targeted and focused public health program.

What are inhibiting factors?

A factor that inhibits the secretion of hormones, as opposed to a releasing Factor.

What are proximal factors?

A proximal risk factor is a risk factor that precipitates a disease, such as BPD. They represent an immediate vulnerability for a particular condition or event. Sometimes proximal risk factors cause or shape an event.