Question: Which Of The Following Are Two Basic Concepts Of Financial Management?

What are the concepts of financial management?

Financial management may be defined as the area or function in an organization which is concerned with profitability, expenses, cash and credit, so that the “organization may have the means to carry out its objective as satisfactorily as possible;” the latter often defined as maximizing the value of the firm for ….

What are the problems of budgeting?

In more detail, the problems with budgeting include the following:Inaccuracy. … Rigid decision making. … Time required. … Gaming the system. … Blame for outcomes. … Expense allocations. … Use it or lose it. … Only considers financial outcomes.

What are the main objectives of financial management?

The primary objectives of financial management are:Attempting to reduce the cost of finance.Ensuring sufficient availability of funds.Also, dealing with the planning, organizing, and controlling of financial activities like the procurement and utilization of funds.

What are the most important financial management issues today?

Issues in Financial ManagementBarter Exchanges. Jong Greuel/Getty Images. … Benchmarking. Benchmarking is the process of finding relevant points of comparison for financial and other quantitative analyses. … Budget Exercises. … Capital Budget. … Data Security. … Free Credits. … Invoice Discounting. … Internal Rate of Return (IRR)More items…

What are the three main functions of financial management?

The financial manager’s responsibilities include financial planning, investing (spending money), and financing (raising money). Maximizing the value of the firm is the main goal of the financial manager, whose decisions often have long-term effects.

What is the purpose of finance?

The purpose of finance is to help people save, manage, and raise money. Finance needs to have its purpose enunciated and accepted. Students in finance should learn it in their business education.

What are the objectives of the financial department?

The goals for a finance department can include strategic budgeting, cost containment, cash flow management, debt servicing, tax planning and accurate record keeping.Strategic Budgeting and Projecting. … Cost Containment and Purchasing Management. … Cash Flow Management. … Debt Service and Credit Use. … Proactive Tax Planning.More items…

What are the basic principles of finance?

There are six foundational principles that can be used to study finance: money has a time value; the higher the reward, the greater the risk; diversification of investments can reduce overall risk; financial markets are efficient in pricing securities; a manager’s and stockholders’ objectives may differ; and reputation …

What are the two basic problems in financial management?

Some of the problems of financial management in public understandings are as follows:Lack of proper planning: … Unfavorable input-output ratio: … Cost of capital: … Problem of pricing: … Problem of surpluses: … Problem of raising loans: … Problem of budgeting: … Problem of delegation of authority:More items…

What are the types of financial management?

The three types of financial management decisions are capital budgeting, capital structure, and working capital management. A business transaction that would include capital budgeting is if your company should open another store or not.

What are the two main functions of finance?

Finance FunctionsInvestment Decision. One of the most important finance functions is to intelligently allocate capital to long term assets. … Financial Decision. Financial decision is yet another important function which a financial manger must perform. … Dividend Decision. … Liquidity Decision. … Authorship/Referencing – About the Author(s)

What is the importance of finance?

The role of finance in business is also to make sure there are enough funds to operate and that you’re spending and investing wisely. The importance of business finance lies in its capacity to keep a business operating smoothly without running out of cash while also securing funds for longer-term investments.

What are the 6 principles of finance?

There are six basic principles of finance, these are:Principles of risk and return.Time value of money.Cash flow principle.Profitability and liquidity.Principles of diversity.Hedging principle.

What are the basic terms in finance?

Finance – money used to fund a business or high value purchase. Financial year – a 12-month period typically from 1 July to 30 June. Financial statement – a summary of a business’s financial position for a given period. Financial statements can include a profit and loss, balance sheet and cash flow statement.

What are the 5 principles of finance?

The five principles are consistency, timeliness, justification, documentation, and certification.

What is the cause of financial problem?

The leading cause of financial problems is simply that people don’t have the skills to manage their money. … Spending your hard-earned money without a financial plan is like driving into unfamiliar territory without a GPS. With the proper tools, you can learn how to budget your money and get on the right track.